Illinois (territory) -- Jackson (county)

County Quick Reference

County Seat: Brownsville

County Name: Named for Andrew Jackson, general at the Battle of New Orleans and later President of the United States.

Boundary Changes
(click on the name of a change to see more information)
01 APR 1816749Created from Johnson and Randolph counties



(click on a title below to view laws involved in the formation or governance of the area)
(general information on the area to put it in the context of history)

Jackson County was formed on 01 April 1816 by by Territorial law [click here for more information]. The county's boundaries remained unchanged before statehood.

The following map shows the original size of the county at its founding (in red with yellow border) superimposed on a modern map.

Jackson County in 1816


(click on a year below to view information on the population of the area)


(click on the title of the following works to learn more about life in the area; for those items not available online, check with your local library for availability)

  • Portrait and biographical record of Randolph, Jackson, Perry and Monroe counties, Illinois. Containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens ... the presidents of the United States, and the governors of the state of Illinois. Chicago : Biographical Pub. Co., 1894
  • American Resources Group. Old Brownsville : Phase III Archaeological Investigations at an Early Nineteenth-Century Frontier Town and Seat of Justice Jackson County, Illinois. 1 vols. Cultural Resources Management Report. Carbondale, Ill.: American Resources Group Ltd., 2005.
  • Boone, Benningsen. Sketches of the Early Settlement of Jackson County, Illinois. Carbondale, Ill.: Published by E. Newsome, 1889.
  • Brownlee, James Henry, Robert Allyn and Brink McDonough & Co. History of Jackson County, Illinois. With Illus. Descriptive of Its Scenery, and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Philadelphia,: Brink McDonough and Co., 1878.
  • Cox, Phoebe. In Memory of March 18, 1925 : A Final Record of Jackson County, Illinois Tornado Victims. Murphysboro, Ill.: Jackson County Historical Society, 2005.
  • Eaton, William Edward and Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. College of Education. The Origin and Growth of Schools in Jackson County, Illinois : A Historical Case Study. Carbondale: Distributed by the Dept. of Educational Leadership in the College of Education of Southern Illinois University, 1976.
  • Historical Records Survey, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Works Progress Administration. Inventory of the county archives of Illinois. Chicago: The Historical Records Survey, 1937.
  • Holand, Hjalmar Rued, Malcolm Leviatt Rosholt, H. M. Blegen, Deb Nelson Gourley, Jo Ann B. Winistorfer, Hjalmar Rued Holand and Hjalmar Rued Holand. History of the Norwegian Settlements a Translated and Expanded Version of the 1908 De Norske Settlementers Historie and the 1930 Den Siste Folkevandring Sagastubber Fra Nybyggerlivet I Amerika. Waukon, IA: Astri My Astri Pub., 2006. Google
  • Hometown Productions., Multi Marketing Corp., Illinois. Department of Transportation. Office of Planning and Programming. and United States. Federal Highway Administration. "Then & Now Historical Maps : Featuring Jackson County with Perry County." East Peoria, IL: Multi Marketing Corp., 1999.
  • Husband, Will W. Old Brownsville Days; an Historical Sketch of Early Times in Jackson County, Illinois. Murphysboro?: Jackson County Historical Society, 1973.
  • Jackson County Historical Society (Ill.). Military Census and Military Rolls, 1862-1863 : Jackson County, Illinois. Murphysboro, Ill. (P.O. Box 7, Murphysboro 62966): Jackson County Historical Society, 1990.
  • Leighty, Elisabeth Pinkerton, Glenda DeVoe, Jackson County Historical Society (Ill.), Geo. A. Ogle & Co. and Brink McDonough & Co. 1878 History of Jackson County, Illinois, and 1907 Atlas of Jackson County, Illinois. Murphysboro, Ill.: Jackson County Historical Society, 1989.
  • Leighty, Elisabeth Pinkerton and Jackson County Historical Society (Ill.). Index to History of Jackson County, Ill. Published in 1878 by Brink, Mcdonough & Co., Philadelphia. Murphysboro, IL (P.O. Box 7, Murphysboro 62966): Jackson County Historical Society, 1976.
  • Newsome, Edmund. Historical Sketches of Jackson County, Illinois : Giving Some Account of the Early Settlement of the County, and of Every Town and City in the County, Together with a Description of the Physical Geography of the County, and the Naviagtion of Its Principal River by Steam. Carbondale, Ill.: E. Newsome, 1882.
  • Qualls, Ted Rodney. Archival Album : The History of the Jackson County, Illinois Qualls from Halifax County, North Carolina. Illinois: s.n., 1992.
  • Waller, Elbert. History of Old Brownsville, First County Seat of Jackson County, Illinois. N.p., 1928.
  • Waters, Loraine and Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. Museum of Natural and Social Sciences. "Historical-Pictorial Map, Jackson County, Illinois." Carbondale, Ill.: Historical Division of S.I.N.U. Museum, 1944.
  • Wright, John W. D. and Jackson County Historical Society (Ill.). Jackson County, Illinois : Formation and Early Settlement. Murphysboro, Ill. (P.O. Box 7, Murphysboro 62966): Jackson County Historical Society, 1983.
Related Content
(the links below contain information related to this area)

An Act to erect a new county out of the counties of Randolph and Johnson, 1816

Be it enacted by the Legislative Council and House of Representatives of the Illinois Territory, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That all that part of the counties of Randolph and Johnson included within the following bounds to wit : Begining at the mouth of Big Muddy river and running up the same to the township line between ten and eleven ; thence east with said line to the principal meridian line running from the mouth of the Ohio river; thence north with the meridian line thirty miles; thence west twenty four miles to the corner of range between four and five west of the principal meridian line ; thence south six miles to the township corner between six and seven ; thence to the head waters of the creek called Gagnic, and down it to the Mississippi ; thence down the Mississippi to the beginning, shall be a seperate and distinct county and called and known by the name of Jackson

Frame 0028: Jackson County, Page 57

Census of Illinois Territory, 1818, Jackson County

The census covers Jackson County. The census includes name of county and for each household name of head of household, numbers of free white males twenty-one years of age or older, other white inhabitants, free Negroes and mulattoes, and servants and slaves.

An Act forming a separate County out of Gallatin, White and the detached part of Jackson county, 1818

BE it enacted by the Legislative Council and House of Representatives of the lllinois territory, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That all that tract of country within the following boundaries, to-wit: Beginning at the corner of townships ten and eleven on the line, between ranges four and five; thence north with said line thirty-six miles; thence west twenty four miles to the third principal meridian ; thence south with the same to the line dividing townships ten and eleven ; thence east to the beginning, shall constitute a separate county, to be called Franklin: And for the purpose of fixing the permanent seat of justice for said county, the following persons be appointed commissioners


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